In order of popularity, the top varieties include:
You can also find Jerseymac, Quinte, Paulared, Golden Russett, Jonagold and a variety of others at farmers' markets and in Pick Your Own orchards.
More than 100 lesser known varieties grow in a "Heritage" orchard at OMAFRA's Vineland Research Station. It serves as a gene pool and source of bud wood.
One medium apple contains about 80 calories and is a good source of fibre and Vitamin C.
Apples existed as a wild fruit since prehistoric times and have been cultivated for more than 3,000 years. The ancient Greeks, Etruscans, Romans and Egyptians were among its early cultivators.
During the California Gold Rush apples sometimes fetched more than $100 a bushel because of their versatility, durability and capacity to be preserved by drying.
The apple tree now grows (in thousands of varieties) in almost every corner of the globe from Japan to Madagascar to South Africa, New Zealand, Russia, China, England, France and across much of North America.